Calllus and Corns

What is it?

Corns and callouses are thick, hardened layers of skin, that are a result of friction and pressure. In some instances they can become very painful and unsightly. A callus refers to a more diffuse, flattened area of thick skin, while a corn is a thick, localized area that usually has a conical or circular shape.

Causes?

  • Friction from poorly fitting footwear
  • Friction/ pressure from abnormal loading during gait/walking
  • Deformities such as bunions or clawed toes
  • Advancing age – this leads to a loss of the protective fatty padding under the ball of the foot

Treatment?

  • The podiatrists at Bounce Podiatry can painlessly remove callous and corns. This is skilfully done using a blade and sanding disc.
  • We can advise on appropriately fitting footwear.
  • Home remedies such as use of pumice stones may help to reduce callous formation but generally wont be able to reduce very thick callous or corns. Moisturising creams may help reduce the severity. These measures may give relief but do not treat the underlying cause.
  • Insoles/ orthotics and footwear may address the underlying biomechanical issues that are causing the callous and corns to form in the first instance.
  • It is advisable NOT to use corn pads. These contain acid and can cause wounds/ulcers and infection of the feet. This is especially important advice to adhere to if you have diabetes, circulation problems or nerve damage in your feet.