Osteoarthritis Knee

What is it?

OA is the most common form of arthritis. It is understood to be a form of
degeneration within a joint, which is caused from mechanical stress. OA can
affect the knee, and symptoms include;

  • Pain
  • Tenderness
  • Stiffness
  • Mild swelling

The pain is often described as a sharp ache.

What causes it?

Factors such as age, slows the ability of a damaged tissue to heal. Extra body weight can puts considerate increased pressure through the knee joint. Gender wise, women 55 years and older are more likely to develop it than men.
Diagnosis is based on history and clinical examination. X-ray can assist in the diagnosis.

How is it treated?

Lifestyle changes are important in the management of osteoarthritis, such as loosing weight. Paracetamol is the recommended first line medication. Tailored exercise programs can improve function and pain for OA in the knee. The use of physical therapies such as dry needling and low level laser therapy can reduce localised pain and swelling. Orthotic therapy can be useful to provide cushioning and offloading of painful joints. Different orthotic wedging can also affect knee osteoarthritis. Your podiatrist will also recommend footwear.

Other treatment options include;

  • Steroid injections
  • Pain medication
  • Surgery for which can be discussed with your podiatrist